Covering the eastern Saprang District, the western half of Zhemgang District and western Pemagatshel District is the Bhutan’s oldest protected area called Royal Manas National Park. Founded in 1966, Royal Manas National Park with its diverse tropical and sub-tropical ecosystem has become a crown jewel of the quaint kingdom of Bhutan. It was entitled as a national park in 1993 and has been recently in 2011 opened for the outside world. Boosting with rich flora and fauna, Royal Manas National Park is not only the most diverse protected area in the Kingdom but also noted as one of the world’s biologically outstanding parks.
Located close to the southern town Gelephu of Bhutan, Royal Manas National Park with its luxuriant forest has hyped the interest of many travelers who are venturing towards Bhutan. The Royal Manas National Park forms a protected area running from the lowland tropical plains to the snow capped peaks. Royal Manas National Park is said to be home to more than 900 species of vascular plants, 60 species of mammals and 431 species of birds, a paradise for the nature lovers. According to the ranger of the Royal Manas National Park about 25-35 Royal Bengal Tiger are seen patrolling the perimeters inside the park. That’s not all sighting of large mammals such as Asiatic Water Buffalo, Gaur, Sambar and Asian Elephants is a common occurrence in lowland plain region of national park. The Royal Manas National Park with its diverse natural feature is the home to endangered wildlife species which include Royal Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, greater one-horned rhinoceros, clouded leopard, Himalayan black bear, gangetic dolphin and pangolin. It is also among few places in the world where the golden langur resides, a primate of extraordinary grace and beauty with its long, silky blond fur which is often considered as sacred being by many Himalayan people. The feline lover can spot more than 8speices of big cats during their visit in Royal Manus National Park. The moist sub tropical region of RMNP creates a prefect ambiance to be the breeding ground or the sky for many exotic and globally threatened avian dinosaurs like Rufous-necked hornbill, Pallas fishing eagle, great white-bellied heron, spotted wren-babbler, blue-headed rock thrush and emerald cuckoo making it an ideal birding destination for the avid birdwatchers. Being blessed with the abundance of natural resource and flora and fauna, the concept of eco camp and jungle safari has become a ranging tourism theme for many travelers.
Trekking through the dense deciduous forest or boating in the serene river stream which splits the emerald forest in two, the serene ambiance and pristine nature of Royal Manas National Park can be enjoyed in many ways.
Royal Manas National Park is open all around the year but November to April is considered the best time to visit RMNP. During peak monsoon season the national peak is recorded to receive rainfall of 5000mm so it is best advised to rainy season.